DISEASE AND PREVENTION

 

ACNE

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells & oil. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.

PREVENTION

  1. Wash acne-prone areas only twice a day as it removes excess oil and dead skin cells. Wash affected areas with a gentle cleanser.
  2. Remove makeup before going to bed.
  3. Wear loose fitting clothing as tight fitting clothing traps heat and moisture and can irritate skin.
  4. Shower after strenuous activities as accumulation of oil and sweat on skin can lead to breakouts.
  5. Wash your hair often if your hair is oily.
  6. Protect your skin from too much sun.

 DIET

  • Sugar: The intake of sugar should be reduced. High calorie food should be avoided.
  • High-glycemic foods: These foods trigger an insulin spike and raising blood sugar levels. They also trigger hormonal fluctuations and inflammation both of which encourage acne. Foods like white bread, processed breakfast cereals, white rice, pretzels, potato chips, cookies and cakes, etc should be avoided
  • Junk food and Fast Food: Greasy fast food creates inflammation which leads to acne. Hence, they should be avoided
  • Eating low-glycemic foods made of complex carbohydrates may reduce your risk of developing acne. Choose low glycemic-index foods instead, like vegetables, whole grains, sweet potatoes, and most fruits.
  • Drink lots of water.

ANKYLOSING SPONDILITIS

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis in which there is long term inflammation of the joints of the spine. Typically the joints where the spine joins the pelvis are affected. Occasionally other joints such as the shoulders or hips are involved. Eye and bowel problems may also occur. Back pain is a characteristic symptom. Stiffness of the affected joints generally worsens over time. It can cause some of the vertebrae in the spine to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture. It affects men more often than women.

PREVENTION

  1. Daily bending, twisting, and gentle range of motion exercises help prevent postural deformities and restriction of joint movement and improve the quality of living with ankylosing spondilitis.
  2. Stretching exercises minimize the long-term impact of spinal stiffness and restrictions.
  3. Aerobic exercises are encouraged as it promotes full expansion of the breathing muscles and opens the airways of the lungs.
  4. It is also advised to sleep on a firm mattress and avoid the use of a pillow in order to prevent spine curvature.
  5. It is advised to maintain erect posture as much as possible and to perform back-extension exercises.
  6. Swimming often can be a very beneficial form of exercise, as it avoids jarring impact of the spine.

 DIET

  • The intake of sugar and refined foods should be reduced as it leads to inflammation in the body.  The number of sugary foods such as desserts, candy, pastries, sodas, and juices should be avoided.
  • Salt and high-sodium foods should be avoided.
  • High fat and starchy food like red meats, pizza, cheese, and processed food should be avoided.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be reduced or stopped.
  • Food stuff rich in omega 3 should be included in the diet.

 

ASTHMA

Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways and produce extra mucus Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. The coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning.

PREVENTION

  1. Use dust covers on your bed and pillows to reduce dust exposure.
  2. Reduce pet dander by regularly grooming and bathing your pets.
  3. Cover your nose and mouth when spending time outside in the cold
  4. Clean your house regularly to eliminate spores and other indoor allergens.
  5. Drink extra fluids in the winter as it keeps the mucus in your lungs thinner and easier for your body to remove.
  6. Try to avoid anyone who appears to be sick.
  7. Wash your sheets and blankets every week in hot water to get rid of dust mites.

 DIET

  • Eat to maintain a healthy weight as being overweight can worsen asthma. Avoiding high calorie food will help.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. They're a good source of antioxidants such as beta carotene and vitamins C and E, which may help reduce lung swelling and irritation (inflammation) caused by cell-damaging chemicals known as free radicals.
  • Avoid allergy-triggering foods as allergic food reactions can cause asthma symptoms.
  • Intake of Vitamin D should be increased. Spending a few minutes outdoors in the sun can increase vitamin D levels.
  • Food stuff rich in omega 3 like fish, flaxseed, walnuts etc should be included in the diet.
  • Artificial sweeteners and artificial coloured foods should be avoided.
  • Refined grains like maida, pasta, rice etc should be avoided.
  • Spicy food should be avoided in the diet.

ATHEEROSCLEROSIS

Atherosclerosis -- hardening and narrowing of the arteries -- silently and slowly blocks arteries, putting blood flow at risk. It’s the usual cause of heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease -together known as cardiovascular disease.

PREVENTION

  1. Healthy Eating habits like eating different fruits and vegetables. A heart-healthy diet is low in sodium, added sugar, solid fats, and refined grains.
  2. Physical Activity improves your fitness level & health.
  3. Quit Smoking as it can cause damage and tighten blood vessels and raise your risk for atherosclerosis.
  4. Weight should be maintained as controlling weight helps you control risk factors for atherosclerosis.
  5. Eating just a little or moderate amount of fat, sugar& salt.
  6. Exercise or walking should be done daily. Try to get at least 30 minutes, and preferably 60 - 90 minutes, of daily exercise.)
  7. Stressing down and getting enough rest.

 DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are preferred.
  • Eat healthy sources of fats like Omega 3 fatty acid should be included in the diet as they prevent the heart from the oxidative stress caused by free radicals
  • Balance calorie intake and physical activity to achieve or maintain a healthy body weight.
  • Eat a diet rich in a variety of vegetables and fruits. Vegetables and fruits that are deeply colored such as spinach, carrots, peaches, and berries are especially recommended as they have the highest micronutrient content.
  • Limit Refined Carbohydrates and Increase Fiber Intake like whole-grain, fruits, vegetables, and legumes (beans). Good whole grain choices include whole wheat, oats/oatmeal, rye, barley, brown rice, buckwheat, bulgur, millet, and quinoa.
  • Blending of oils is preferred. The fat eaten should be a blending of different types of unsaturated fat from sources like: Olive oil, rape oil, sunflower oil, soy oil, walnut oil and fish.
  • Limit daily intake of saturated fat (found mostly in animal products) , trans fat (found in hydrogenated fats, commercially baked products, and many fast foods) , and cholesterol (found in eggs, dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, shellfish) . Choose lean meats and vegetable alternatives (such as soy). Select fat-free and low-fat dairy products. Grill, bake, or broil fish, meat, and skinless poultry.

BRONCHITIS

Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) in the lungs. Symptoms include coughing up mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest discomfort. Bronchitis is divided into two types: acute and chronic.

PREVENTION

  1. Avoid lung irritants such as smoke, dust, fumes, vapors, a  paint or household cleaners with strong fumes and air pollution.
  2. Wash hands often to limit exposure to germs and bacteria.
  3. Wear a face mask outside like you're exposed to dust or fumes, and when you're going to be among crowds, such as while traveling.
  4. Avoid cigarette smoke as it increases risk of chronic bronchitis.

 DIET

  • Fruits and green vegetables help avoid chronic bronchitis. Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants should be included in the diet for bronchitis Juicy fruits like grapes, oranges, apple, and strawberries should be part of a healthy diet
  • The vitamin C rich foodstuff should be included in the diet as they help to enhance the immune system.
  • Increase the intake of fatty acids as it helps reduce the inflammation caused by bronchitis. Walnuts and cold water fish are rich in fatty acids.
  • Drinking lots of water will help the body flush out accumulated toxins.
  • Smoking should be reduced or stopped.

CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS

Cervical spondylosis, also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis, is a common, age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your neck. It develops from wear and tear of the cartilage and bones found in your cervical spine, which is in your neck. It is mostly due to ageing butb it can be caused by other factors as well.

PREVENTION

  1. Correct position of head, shoulder & back should be maintained .Keep the spine straight.
  2.  Lean back the head timing during the work and rest of the cervical vertebra. Move neck and shoulder muscle timed as far as possible.
  3. Keep the neck and shoulder warm and avoid the head or neck loading heavy things. Don't sleep with high pillow and excessive fatigue.
  4. Exercises should be done regularly. (Aerobic exercise is especially good.)
  5. Attain and maintain a healthy body weight.
  6. Get plenty of rest.

 DIET

  • Foodstuff rich in calcium should be included in the diet.
  • Foods with abundant Omega 3 and Vitamin E such as oil seeds, nuts and fish are helpful to combat joint inflammation.
  • Fresh green and leafy vegetables should be taken. Salad should be always included in the meals. Spinach, carrot and beet juices should also be taken.
  • Vitamin D should be included in the diet as it helps in absorption of iron.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Avoid excessive use of alcohol.

DENGUE

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms typically begin three to fourteen days after infection.  This may include a high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash.  Recovery generally takes two to seven days. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

PREVENTION

  1. Stay in well-screened housing. The mosquitoes that carry the dengue viruses are most active from dawn to dusk, but they can also bite at night.
  2. Use mosquito repellent.
  3. Reduce mosquito habitat by eliminating habitats where they lay their eggs. At least once a week, empty and clean containers that hold standing water, such as planting containers, animal dishes and flower vases.
  4. Prevent access of mosquitoes to an infected person with a fever.
  5. Ensure proper waste disposal
  6. Avoid dark colored clothing as mosquitoes are attracted to darker shades
  7. Wear light colored, full-sleeved clothes

 DIET

  • Drink plenty of water or any liquid thing such as fruit juices, coconut water, ORS etc which prevents from dehydration.
  • Avoid food stuffs which are oily, spicy and salty.
  • Easily digested like boiled food, green vegetables, fruits like banana, apples, soups etc are preferred.
  • Fruits rich in vitamin C like amla, kiwi etc should be included in the diet as it boosts the immune system
  • Junk food should be avoided.
  • Small and frequent meals are advised.
  • All the fruits and vegetables should be washed properly before consuming.

DIABETES

Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy foods - Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Strive for variety to prevent boredom.
  2. Increase physical activity levels- Aim for 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day.
  3. Weight reduction is advised as obesity is one of main cause of diabetes.
  4. Exercise daily-Engaging in at least 30 minutes of exercise or walk five days a week can help. However, people who don’t currently exercise may need to start in smaller intervals. This can include three 10-minute exercise sessions each day.
  5. Smoking and alcohol consumption should be stopped
  6. Regular monitoring of sugar levels is advised.
  7. Regular health check up is advised.

 DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised
  • Food stuff with high carbohydrate content and high calorie like banana, potato, rice, mango, chiku etc.
  • Green vegetables and fruits with low calories are advised. Healthy carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans, peas and lentils) and low-fat dairy products are advised.
  • Fiber-rich foods are advised. Fibre moderates digestion and helps control blood sugar levels. Foods high in fiber include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (beans, peas and lentils), whole-wheat flour and wheat bran.
  • Foods containing monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can help lower your cholesterol levels. These include avocados, almonds, walnuts, olives, and canola, olive oil. They should not be taken in excess
  • High fat food like high fat milk, deep fried food, red meats, egg yolk etc  and junk food like bakery products, processed etc food should be avoided
  • Salt intake should be reduced

FATTY LIVER

Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells. Despite having multiple causes, fatty liver can be considered a single disease that occurs worldwide in those with excessive alcohol intake and the obese (with or without effects of insulin resistance). The condition is also associated with other diseases that influence fat metabolism. When this process of fat metabolism is disrupted, the fat can accumulate in the liver in excessive amounts, thus resulting in a fatty liver

PREVENTION

  1. Lose weight-Reduce the number of calories you eat each day and increase your physical activity in order to lose weight.
  2. Choose a healthy diet - Eat a healthy diet that's rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  3. Exercise and be more active - Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.
  4. Lower your cholesterol - A healthy plant-based diet, exercise and medications can help keep your cholesterol and your triglycerides at healthy levels.
  5. Protect your liver - Avoid things that will put extra stress on your liver.
  6. Alcohol consumption should be stopped.

DIET

  • Alcohol is a major cause of fatty liver disease as well as other liver diseases. Hence, its consumption should be reduced or stopped.
  • Stay away from sugary foods such as candy, cookies, sodas, and fruit juices. High blood sugar increases the amount of fat buildup in the liver.
  • Fried foods and oily food should be avoided as they are high in fat and calories.
  • Salt intake should be reduced as excess salt can cause water retention.
  • Highly processed food likes white bread, rice, pasta, artificial food OR frozen food etc should be avoided.
  • Red meats and non veg should be avoided as it increases the load on liver for metabolism
  • High calorie food like milk yogurt, potatoes etc should be excluded from the diet.     
  • Junk foods and soft drinks should be avoided.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be stopped.

DEPRESSION

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings, and sense of well-being. A depressed mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events such as loss of a loved one. It is also a symptom of some physical diseases and a side effect of some drugs and medical treatments. People with a depressed mood may be notably sad, anxious, or empty; they may also feel notably hopeless, helpless, dejected, or worthless. Other symptoms expressed may include senses of guilt, irritability, or anger.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat a balanced diet.
  2. Get regular exercise.
  3. Have healthy sleep patterns.
  4. Avoid drugs and alcohol.
  5. Work on a positive attitude
  6. Build your self-esteem
  7. Talk to people you trust
  8. Get your rest
  9. Reduce stress levels by redirecting yourself
  10. Weight should be reduced

DIET

  • Choose your carbs wisely. Limit sugary foods and opt for smart or “complex” carbs (such as whole grains) rather than simple carbs (such as cakes and cookies). Fruits, vegetables, and legumes also have healthy carbs and fiber.
  • Protein-Rich Foods Boost Alertness so they should be included in the diet.
  • Drinks and foods with caffeine like tea, coffee, aerated beverages can trigger anxiety and make it difficult to sleep at night. Cutting back or stopping caffeine helps to get a better night's sleep.
  • Alcohol intake should be limited. Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with anxiety and panic attacks.
  • Dark chocolate enhances mood by increasing endorphins in the brain that promote a sense of well-being.
  • There are many healthful foods that act as antidepressants. While these good-mood foods are essential for your diet, there’s still more that you can do. Get in the habit of participating regularly in physical activity.
  • Exercise increases your metabolism, enhances mood, and alleviates tension.

ECZEMA

Eczema is a skin condition caused by inflammation of the skin. Typically, eczema causes skin to become itchy, red, and dry  even cracked and leathery. It can appear on any part of the body. Eczema is a chronic problem for many people. It is most common in infants, many of whom outgrow it before adulthood. People with eczema have a higher risk of developing allergic conditions like asthma.

PREVENTION

  1. Get regular exercise. It can help to control stress and increase circulation
  2. Keep stress to a minimum.
  3. Take time for you to relax.
  4. Eat nutritious diet.
  5. Avoid the foodstuff that you are allergic to.

DIET

  • Foods like shellfish, egg, nuts or other allergic good should be avoided
  • Alcohol should be avoided or stopped.
  • Drinks lots of water.
  • Foodstuff rich in vitamin E should be included in the diet.

GALL BLADEER STONES

Gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of stones in the gallbladder or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most people with gallstones (about 80%) never have symptoms. Symptoms of these complications may include pain of more than five hours duration, fever, yellowish skin, vomiting, or tea-color urine.

PREVENTION

  1. Don't skip meals. Skipping meals or fasting can increase the risk of gallstones.
  2. Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity and being overweight increase the risk of gallstones
  3. Eat nutritious and healthy diet.
  4. Alcohol intake should be stopped.

DIET

  • Highly oily and deep fried food should be avoided as they stress the work of the liver for digestion.
  • Foodstuffs like Spinach (palak), Legumes ( phali),Cauliflower and cabbage ( gobhee), tomatoes, brinjal , Eggs, Non veg, nuts, etc should be avoided.
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped
  • Consumption of aerated drinks should be stopped.
  • Food stuffs rich in fibre like fruits, vegetables, salads etc should be included in the diet.
  • Red meats should be avoided. Lean meat, egg whites etc are preffered.
  • Junk food should be avoided
  • Drink plenty of water as this will hydrate your body and naturally flush out toxins

GOUT

Gout is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness and tenderness in joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe. It is a complex form of arthritis which can affect anyone. Men are more likely to get gout, but women become increasingly susceptible to gout after menopause.

PREVENTION

  1. Limit or avoid alcohol
  2. Maintain a desirable body weight
  3. Drink plenty of fluids
  4. Exercising regularly or walk at least 30 min daily.
  5. Eat nutritious diet

DIET

  • Limiting alcoholic beverages and drinks sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose). Instead, drink plenty of nonalcoholic beverages, especially water.
  • Limit intake of foods high in purines, such as red meat, organ meats and seafood.
  • Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains, which provide complex carbohydrates. Avoid foods such as white bread, cakes, candy, sugar-sweetened beverages.
  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking water. An increase in water consumption has been linked to fewer gout attacks
  • High Fat food like saturated fats from red meats, fatty poultry and high-fat dairy products etc should be avoided.
  • Protein intake should be limited.
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped as its metabolism increases uric acid production. Beer is associated with an increased risk of gout and recurring attacks
  • Vitamin C may help lower uric acid levels. So, Vitamin C rich foodstuffs like lemon, orange, amla etc should be included in the diet.
  • Increase intake of water to keep you hydrated.

GASTROEOSOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)

Gastroesophageal Reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition where stomach contents come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications. Symptoms include the taste of acid in the back of the mouth, heartburn, bad breath, chest pain, vomiting, breathing problems, and wearing away of the teeth. Complications include esophagitis, esophageal strictures, and Barrett's esophagus

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet with lots of green vegetables and fruits.
  2. Don’t eat 3 to 4 hours before bed.
  3. Overeating should be avoided.
  4. Exercise regularly or walk at least for 30 min
  5. Drink plenty of fluids
  6. Stress levels should be reduced. Keep yourself busy and indulge in other activities like yoga, meditation, recreational activities etc.
  7. Maintain a positive attitude.
  8. Raise the head of your bed 4 to 6 inches to reduce reflux symptoms while sleeping.

DIET

  • High fat food like deep fried food should be should be avoided.
  • High fibre food like fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.
  • Alcohol consumption and smoking should be stopped.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Junk food should be avoided.
  • Food stuff like tomato, lemon, orange, pineapple etc should be avoided.
  • Artificial sweeteners and processed food like bread, pasta etc should be avoided.
  • Remain upright for at least two hours after eating.
  • Caffeinated and aerated drinks should be avoided.

GASTRITIS

Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. It may occur as a short episode or may be of a long duration. There may be no symptoms but, when symptoms are present, the most common is upper abdominal pain. Other possible symptoms include nausea and vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite and heartburn. Complications may include bleeding, stomach ulcers, and stomach tumors.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet with lots of green vegetables and fruits.
  2. Don’t eat 3 to 4 hours before bed.
  3. Overeating should be avoided.
  4. Exercise regularly or walk at least for 30 min
  5. Drink plenty of fluids
  6. Stress levels should be reduced. Keep yourself busy and indulge in other activities like yoga, meditation, recreational activities etc.
  7. Maintain a positive attitude.
  8. Maintain healthy weight.

DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised
  • High fat food like deep fried food should be should be avoided.
  • High fibre food like fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.
  • Alcohol consumption and smoking should be stopped.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Junk food should be avoided.
  • Highly spicy and seasoned food should be avoided.
  • Artificial sweeteners and processed food like bread, pasta etc should be avoided.
  • Caffeinated and aerated drinks should be avoided.

HAIRFALL

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Typically inflammation or scarring is not present. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat balanced and nutritious diet
  2. Reduce your stress level as it facilitates hairfall.
  3. Stay away from frequent colouring, perming or ironing.
  4. Use a wide toothed comb
  5. Wash hair at least once every 3 day to remove dirt and oil.
  6. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption
  7. Avoid frequent switching of shampoos

DIET

  • A high protein diet is advised as it helps in hair growth and makes it strong. Food stuffs like dairy products, legumes, eggs, nuts like walnuts etc should be included in the diet.
  • Iron rich food stuffs like pomegranate, green leafy vegetables, beetroot, dates etc should be included in the diet.
  • Vitamin A and B rich food stuffs should be included in the diet.
  • Food items rich in omega 3 like walnut, fish, avocados etc should be included in diet as they keep the scalp hydrated.
  • Food stuffs rich in Vitamin C like lemon, guava, orange, rice flakes, papaya etc should be included in the diet as it helps in production of collagen and strengthening of hair shaft & prevents breakage.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.       

HYPERTENSION

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms. Long-term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease.

PREVENTION

  1. Low sodium food should be included in the diet.
  2. Maintain healthy weight.
  3. Exercise regularly or walk at least 30 min every day.
  4. Reduce stress levels as increase stress level may increase the blood pressure.
  5. Eat healthy and nutritious diet
  6. Limit alcohol consumption.

DIET

  • Salt intake should be reduced. it should limited to 1-2 tsp per day
  • Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  • Food rich in saturated fat or fried and oily, red meats, egg yolk, butter etc should be reduced or avoided.
  • Artificial sweeteners and processed food should be avoided
  • Whole grains, whole legumes, multigrain food items like bread and biscuits should be included in the diet.
  • Low-fat or skim dairy products should be encouraged instead of full cream or high fat.
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped or reduced
  • Use salt-free seasonings.
  • Drink plenty of fluid.

THYROID DISORDERS

Thyroid disease is a medical condition that affects the function of the thyroid gland (the endocrine organ found at the front of the neck that produces thyroid hormones).The symptoms of thyroid disease vary depending on the type. There are four general types: 1) hypothyroidism (low function) caused by not having enough thyroid hormones; 2) hyperthyroidism (high function) caused by having too much thyroid hormones; 3) structural abnormalities, most commonly an enlargement of the thyroid gland; and 4) tumors which can be benign or cancerous. Common hypothyroid symptoms include fatigue, low energy, and weight gain, inability to tolerate the cold, slow heart rate, dry skin and constipation. Common hyperthyroid symptoms include irritability, weight loss, fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, diarrhea, and enlargement of the thyroid. In both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, there may be swelling of a part of the neck, which is also known as goiter.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.
  2. Avoid the food items that contain goitrogens.
  3. Reduce stress levels as it will help to relieve symptoms of anxiety and nervousness.
  4. Avoid caffeine and caffeinated beverages.
  5. Smoking should be stopped.
  6. Alcohol consumption should be reduced.
  7. Exercise regularly or walk at least for 30 min.
  8. Maintain a positive attitude and healthy approach towards life.
  9. Maintain healthy weight.

DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised.
  • Food stuffs that contain Goitrogens like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, soyabean etc should be avoided
  • High calorie food should be avoided.
  • Foodstuffs rich in calcium like milk and milk products should be included in the diet as thyroid disorders affect the calcium absorption.
  • Caffeinated drinks and energy drinks should be avoided.
  • Unhealthy fats like fried and oily food, high fat milk, cookies, cakes, pastries and french fries etc and processed foods should be avoided.
  • Whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and whole grains cereals and legumes should be encouraged in the diet.
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped.

LIVER CIRROHOSIS

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage. This damage is characterized by the replacement of normal liver tissue by scar tissue. Early on, there are often no symptoms. As the disease worsens, a person may become tired, weak, itchy, have swelling in the lower legs, develop yellow skin, bruise easily, have fluid buildup in the abdomen, or develop spider-like blood vessels on the skin. The fluid build-up in the abdomen may become spontaneously infected. Other complications include hepatic encephalopathy, bleeding from dilated veins in the esophagus or dilated stomach veins, and liver cancer.

PREVENTION

  1. Alcohol consumption should be stopped. Drinking alcohol may cause further liver damage.
  2. Eat a low-sodium diet. Excess salt can cause your body to retain fluids, worsening swelling in your abdomen and legs.
  3. Eat a healthy diet. Cirrhosis leads to malnutrition and loss of muscle. The best defense against this development is to maintain a healthy diet, with a variety of fruits and vegetables
  4. Avoid infections. Cirrhosis makes it more difficult for you to fight off infections. Protect yourself by washing your hands frequently
  5. Maintain a healthy weight. An excess amount of body fat can damage your liver.

DIET

  • Alcohol is a major cause of liver disease. Hence, its consumption should be reduced or stopped.
  • Stay away from sugary foods such as candy, cookies, sodas, and fruit juices. High blood sugar increases the amount of fat buildup in the liver.
  • Fried foods and oily food should be avoided as they are high in fat and calories.
  • Salt intake should be reduced as excess salt can cause water retention.
  • Highly processed food likes white bread, rice, pasta, artificial food OR frozen food etc should be avoided.
  • Red meats and non veg should be avoided as it increases the load on liver for metabolism
  • High calorie food like milk yogurt, potatoes etc should be excluded from the diet.    
  • Junk foods and soft drinks should be avoided
  • Alcohol and smoking should be stopped

LUMBAR SPONDYLOSIS

Lumbar spondylosis is a spine condition that describes the natural deterioration the lower spine due to age and compression. While spondylosis can occur throughout the spine, the most common location of occurrence is in the lowest portion of the spine, where the lumbar meets the sacrum, or tailbone, spine.

PREVENTION

  1. Develop a regular fitness routine and exercise daily
  2. Being overweight or obese puts added stress and pressure on the joints in the spine. Hence, maintain healthy weight
  3. Eat healthy, nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  4. Take breaks throughout the day: This is especially important if you work at a desk all day. Getting up to stretch every 30 minutes gives your back a chance to recover from the strain of sitting for hours.
  5. Develop good posture: Sitting or standing correctly promotes good back health.
  6. Get plenty of sleep: Aim for 8 hours a night.
  7. Stop smoking: Smoking can accelerate the aging process, which can cause damage to the spine.
  8. Avoid heavy use of alcohol.

DIET

  • The intake of sugar and refined foods should be reduced as it leads to inflammation in the body.  The number of sugary foods such as desserts, candy, pastries, sodas, and juices should be avoided.
  • Salt and high-sodium foods should be avoided.
  • High fat and starchy food like red meats, pizza, cheese, and processed food should be avoided.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be reduced or stopped.
  • Food stuff rich in omega 3 should be included in the diet.
  • Calcium rich food stuffs like mike an milk product should be included in the diet.

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME

Nephrotic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephrosis, chiefly protein in the urine, low blood albumin levels, and swelling. It is a component of glomerulonephrosis, in which different degrees of protein in the urine occur. Essentially, loss of protein through the kidneys leads to low protein levels in the blood including low albumin, which causes water to be drawn into soft tissues. Severely low albumin levels can also cause a variety of secondary problems, such as fluid in the abdominal cavity, around the heart or lungs, high cholesterol, loss of molecules regulating coagulation (hence increased risk of blood clots).

PREVENTION

  1. Keep  a check on the blood pressure
  2. Diabetics should have a strict blood glucose level control.
  3. Quit smoking or using other tobacco products.
  4. Avoid alcoholic beverages that increase urine output and increase dehydration.
  5.  Avoid medicines that may harm the kidney.
  6. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.
  7. Prevent your body from recurrent infections

 DIET

  • Low sodium (salt) is advised as it helps to improve swelling in the hands and legs
  • Lots of fresh fruit and vegetables – fiber such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.
  • Low fat products like dairy products, fried and oily food should be avoided.
  • Lean cuts of meat, less red meat, more chicken and fish
  • Alcohol and smoking should be avoided or stopped.

ANAEMIA

Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. When anemia comes on slowly, the symptoms are often vague and may include feeling tired, weakness, shortness of breath or a poor ability to exercise. Anemia that comes on quickly often has greater symptoms, which may include confusion, feeling like one is going to pass out, loss of consciousness, or increased thirst

PREVENTION

  1. Eat vitamin and mineral rich diet. Include iron rich foods in your diet.
  2. Deficiency of any micronutrient should be supplemented. For example:- if someone has deficiency of iron it should be supplemented with iron supplements
  3. Exercise regularly to maintain the body and remain healthy.
  4. Alcohol consumption should be reduced.
  5. Smoking should be avoided.
  6. Drink plenty of fluids.

DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised
  • Iron rich food stuffs should be included in the diet like apple, pomegranate, pulses, green leafy vegetables, jaggery etc.
  • Caffeinated drinks and beverages should be avoided as they hamper the absorption of iron.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be avoided.
  • Excess of tea and coffee should be avoided
  • Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  • Excess of processed foods in the diet should be avoided.

ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints. Symptoms generally include joint pain and stiffness. Other symptoms may include redness, warmth, swelling, and decreased range of motion of the affected joints. In some types other organs are also affected. Onset can be gradual or sudden. The most common forms are osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis usually occurs with age and affects the fingers, knees, and hips. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that often affects the hands and feet.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.
  2. Exercise regularly or walk for at least 30 min every day.
  3. Maintain a healthy body weight as being overweight increases the stress on the joints.
  4. Alcohol consumption and smoking should be avoided.
  5. Stress levels should be reduced

DIET

  • Include fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables in your diet.
  • High fat food like fried and oily food, processed food should be avoided
  • Include calcium rich products like milk, curd, yogurt etc in your diet.
  • Omega 3 fatty acids are beneficial. So foodstuffs rich in omega 3 like walnuts, fish etc should be included in the diet.
  • Excess of salt should not be added.
  • Caffeinated drinks should be avoided.
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped.
  • In severe form of arthritis, supplementation is advised along with diet.

OBESITY

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and depression.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.
  2. Do not skip meals especially breakfast.
  3. Exercise regularly to maintain body weight.
  4. Alcohol consumption should be stopped.
  5. Stress levels should be reduced.
  6. Maintain a regular meal pattern.

DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised.
  • Sugar intake should be reduced.
  • Processed food, fried and oily food and junk food should be avoided.
  • High calorie foods like rice, potato, banana etc should be avoided
  • Include fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, salads etc in your diet.
  • Oil intake should be reduced. Blending of oils is advised.
  • Increase intake of fibrous food in the diet like whole grains, breads, pulses, fruits etc.
  • Drinks plenty of fluids.
  • Caffeinated drinks, aerated beverages, high sugar drinks or syrups should be avoided.
  • Alcohol consumption and smoking should be avoided.

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women. Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer.

PREVENTION

  1. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.
  2. Alcohol consumption and smoking should be avoided.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight
  4. Exercise regularly or walk or at least 30 min every day.
  5. Don’t skip meals especially breakfast.
  6. Reduce stress levels.
  7. Maintain positive attitude towards life.

DIET

  • Small and frequent meals are advised.
  • Include high fibre food like green vegetables, whole grain cereals, pulses, fresh fruits etc
  • Avoid high calorie food like oily and fried food, red meats, egg yolk etc.
  • Processed, refined foods should be avoided.
  • Avoid caffeinated and high sugar drinks and syrups.
  • Alcohol consumption should be stopped.
  • Smoking should be stopped.
  • Drink plenty of water and fluids.

SINUSITIS

Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms. Common signs and symptoms include thick nasal mucus, a plugged nose, and pain in the face. Other signs and symptoms may include fever, headaches, poor sense of smell, sore throat, and cough. The cough is often worse at night. Serious complications are rare. It is defined as acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) if it lasts less than 4 weeks and as chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS if it lasts for more than 12 weeks.

PREVENTION

  1. Protect yourself from any kind of allergens.
  2. Exercise regularly or walk for at least 30 min daily.
  3. Avoid the foods and item which you are allergic to.
  4. Wear mask while going out in dust or pollution.
  5. Eat healthy and nutritious diet.

DIET

  • Include fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables in your diet.
  • Avoid fried and oily food, non veg, sour things etc.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be stopped.

TYPHOID

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi that causes symptoms. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe and usually begin six to thirty days after exposure. Often there is a gradual onset of a high fever over several days. Weakness, abdominal pain, constipation, and headaches also commonly occur. Diarrhea is uncommon and vomiting is not usually severe. Some people develop a skin rash with rose colored spots. In severe cases there may be confusion. Without treatment symptoms may last weeks or months.

PREVENTION

  1. Wash your hands. Frequent hand-washing in hot, soapy water is the best way to control infection. Wash before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet
  2. Avoid drinking untreated water. Drink only bottled water or canned or bottled carbonated beverages or boiled water.
  3. Avoid raw fruits and vegetables and high fibre food as it can damage the intestine.
  4. Avoid any kind of junk food.

DIET

  • Fluids in the form of tender coconut water, barley water, electrolyte fortified water, fresh fruit juice, vegetable soup, buttermilk and water should be consumed until body temperature comes back to normal.
  • Include fruits, boiled vegetables and unrefined foods like unpolished rice and white bread, yogurt and eggs in the diet. For vegetarians, lentils, legumes and cottage cheese, meet the protein needs.
  • Avoid high fiber foods: Intake of whole grain cereals and their products like oatmeal, whole wheat bread, and raw vegetables in the form of salads, are rich in fiber. It can add on the stress on your digestive system.
  • Avoid vegetables like cabbage, capsicum and turnip as these can cause bloating and gas.
  • Stay away from oily foods, spices and seasonings like pepper, cayenne and chilli powder to make sure that the digestive tract does not inflame all the more.
  • Drink boiled water and keep your body hydrated.
  • Consume 3 – 4 liters of fluids in the form of water, fruit juices, tender coconut water and soup.
  • Eat small frequent meals rather than large meals to ease digestion and for maximum nutrient utilization by the body.

 

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