Diseases Starting with L

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Lipoma is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that is made up of fat cells. It can occur in any tissue that contains fat but most commonly it occurs in the subcutaneous (beneath the skin) tissue.
Lipomas are soft, round, mobile and doughy to feel. They are situated just below the skin and the overlying skin looks normal. They are more commonly observed on back, extremities, and chest. Lipoma is more commonly observed in age group of 40-60 years. Single Lipoma is more commonly seen in women and multiple Lipomas (Lipomatosis) more common in men.
Often, treatment of a lipoma is not necessary, unless the tumor becomes painful or restricts movement. People opt for treatment largely for cosmetic reasons. Lipoma is a true surgical condition as medicines cannot dissolve the accumulated fat. Hence surgical removal is the mainstay management for Lipoma. If they do not harm you, they are better not disturbed surgically.


Liver Cirrhosis

The liver is the largest gland in the human body. ‘Cirrhosis’ of liver is a condition wherein the normal liver tissues get damaged and replaced by scar tissue.
Healthy liver cells get substituted with fibrotic scar tissue in a very slow and gradual process. Conditions leading to recurrent inflammation of the liver cells (hepatitis) heal with fibrosis and scar tissue formation.
How does cirrhosis affect the liver?
Cirrhosis can disrupt many vital functions of the liver. Any condition that can damage the liver cells can cause cirrhosis. The liver gets its major supply of blood from the venous system of the intestines. The presence of scar tissues can reduce the effective circulation of blood within the liver. This slows down the transport and elimination of the various products of liver metabolism. The liver breaks down many substances including red blood cells and drugs and toxins. With chronic inflammation & scar tissue formation, the liver function becomes very sluggish leading to accumulation of various harmful substances.
The liver performs many important roles.
Breakdown and elimination of many chemicals like alcohol, drugs and toxins.
Breakdown and metabolism of red blood cells.
Formation of cholesterol and breakdown of saturated fats.
Formation and storage of important clotting factors.
Manufacture bile – an important substance for digesting foods.
Production and storage of sugar in the form of glycogen.
Storage of vital nutrients like vitamins and providing them when their levels in the body are low.
Causes of Cirrhosis of Liver
Cirrhosis is an outcome of several conditions harmful to the liver. The most common causes of cirrhosis are: –
Chronic viral infections – hepatitis (types B,C and D)
Drugs and toxins.
Autoimmune hepatitis
Hereditary conditions like
hereditary hemochromatosis
Wilson’s disease
Cystic fibrosis
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Cystic fibrosis
Conditions affecting the biliary system
Primary sclerosing cholangitis
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Infections with parasites
Schistosomiasis (snails)
Cardiac failure – causes a condition called ‘cardiac cirrhosis’.
Symptoms of Cirrhosis of Liver
Cirrhosis in its early stages has no prominent symptom.
Loss of appetite
Weight loss or sudden weight gain
Itching of skin (pruritis)
Swelling or distention of the abdomen
Ascites » collection of excess fluid within the abdomen
Swelling of the ankles
Easy bruising
Spider naevi » dilated capillaries on the upper chest, arms and forearms.
Slow healing of wounds
Palms appear very red and warm
Asterexis » sudden, involuntary, violent twitching of the hand when it is held outstretched.
Gynaecomastia » enlargement of breast in males
Changes in personality
increased irritability
inability to concentrate
weakness of memory
indifference to personal appearance
Complications of Cirrhosis of Liver
Ascites and generalized swelling (edema) of body
Hepatic encephalopathy
Bleeding from varices. Varices are abnormally lengthened and dilated blood vessels. Cirrhosis causes stagnation in blood circulation, making the blood vessels engorged. with increasing pressures within the vessel, it may rupture and lead to bleeding. Blood vessels in the esophagus (food-pipe), the umbilical vessels (vessels in central abdomen),
Hypersplenism » condition where an enlarged spleen
Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis
The diagnosis of cirrhosis may be missed in the initial stages of the condition. A history of medical conditions that can injure the liver is an indicator of possible cirrhosis in the future.
Your doctor will conclude a diagnosis of cirrhosis based on:
Physical exam
Liver function tests » the liver enzymes may show mild to moderate elevation.
Ultra Sonography studies » non-invasive, sensitive indicator of any abnormal size of the liver.
CAT scan » non-invasive and sensitive test which can specify the severity of cirrhosis as well as detect cancer even at its onset.
Liver biopsy » considered a ‘gold standard’ for diagnosis. A small specimen of liver is obtained by performing either laparoscopic, percutaneous or transjugular approach.
Though a ‘liver biopsy’ is often considered the gold standard of diagnosing cirrhosis, it need not be performed, if clinical examination, laboratory work-up and radiological studies indicate it.
Treatment of Cirrhosis of Liver
Conventional treatment
Treatment of liver cirrhosis depends upon the type and stage of cirrhosis. It mainly revolves around:
Preventing further degeneration and loss of liver cells
Prevent complications
Treatment of complications
Identify cancer at an early stage
Surgery » liver transplant.
Preventing further degeneration of liver cells
Cirrhosis is the most advanced stage of most liver diseases. However, this progression can be stalled, and made very slow by effective treatment of the presenting condition.
Have alcohol in moderation. It’s definitely better to avoid it altogether if you can.
Hepatitis B is a significant cause for cirrhosis. Talk to your physician about vaccinations against the Hepatitis B virus.
Avoid indulging in high risk sexual behavior. Both HBV and HCV infections are largely spread through multiple sex partners, indiscriminate use of needles, syringes, & other drug addiction paraphernalia like use of nasal cocaine.
Avoid exposure to chemicals and toxins that harm the liver. When working with toxic substances, wear appropriate, protective covering.
Avoid using tobacco. Eat a well balanced diet. Avoid having saturated fats and greasy foods (French fries, cheese burgers etc.) since they increase the load on the liver.
Keep your weight within the range normal for your age and gender.
Avoid foods containing colors and chemical preservatives.
Be cautious when opting for vitamin and other supplements. Some of the supplements can actually increase stress on an already overburdened liver.
Other treatment options available are:
Liver transplant
Interferones » drugs used in chronic viral infections of the liver. It helps by enhancing the body’s immune system against the viruses.
Corticosteroids » indicated in cirrhosis causes by any autoimmune liver disease process. The steroids prevent the immune cells from attacking the liver cells. However, their long-term use result in many adverse side-effects in nearly all organ systems in the body.
Certain conditions like Wilson’s disease and Hereditary Hemochromatosis require effective removal of the substance deposited in excess in the liver. Copper gets deposited in excess in Wilson’s disease, and Hereditary Hemochromatosis results in excess iron deposition. Hence, treating the underlying condition can prevent the progress of established cirrhosis.
Nutritional supplements, especially fat soluble vitamins to prevent deficiencies.
Liver Transplant
Though expensive, a liver transplant can increase the survival rate by 80 – 90%. Cirrhosis progressive despite appropriate treatment; presence of multiple complications which are life-threatening are all indications for a liver transplant.
Homeopathic Treatment for Liver Cirrhosis
Homeopathic medicines treat the underlying cause of Cirrhosis of Liver, such as viral infection, genetic tendency, bad effects of alcohol, metabolic changes, etc. and thus help to treat effects of Cirrhosis of Liver.
Homeopathy helps to control further cellular damage. It cannot cure the scarred tissues, as such, as it is not possible to regenerate scarred tissues.
When introduced at an early stage of cirrhosis, homeopathic medicines can effectively reduce the viral count (in Hepatitis caused by HBV and HCV) as well as give symptomatic relief without side effects.
Homeopathic medications can prevent the progress of cirrhosis and in very early cases of liver cirrhosis, the medicines restore majority of the normal functions of the liver.


Loss Of Libido (Low Sex Drive)

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder – HSDD
Every man and woman experiences low sex (loss of libido) drive during some period in life. If low sex drive is continued and lasting, it calls for treatment. Almost 15% of men have this problem all the time; while over 30% females have it, but may not voice about it.
As you know every disease has complex medical name. Similarly, Low sex desire is also called as (Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder – HSDD).
Let us look at the most common factors which contribute towards low sex drive.
In men, following are the common causes:
Lack of spark in marriage life
Alcohol or/and smoking, drugs
Drugs: Drugs depression, hypertension, pain killers
Erectile dysfunction
Low levels of testosterone hormone
Hypothyroid (Under active thyroid)
Anxiety, depression or other emotional diseases
In women, one must check the following common factors:
Lack of love in marriage life
Child birth
Reduced blood supply to vagina, leading to painful intercourse
Hypothyroid (Under active thyroid) (More common than in men)
Contraceptive pills
Alcohol, smoking, drugs
Nerve injury following removal of uterus (hysterectomy)
Drugs: Drugs depression, hypertension, pain killers
Anxiety, depression or other emotional diseases
Traumatic events in childhood such as child abuse
Symptoms of Low Sex Drive (Loss of Libido):
Most cases present with loss of sexual desire over period of time. If it is sudden, one may have to rule out neurological problems. Less interest in sex, aversion to sex and lack of joy in sexual act are some of the symptoms.
Ask yourself following questions to determine if your sex drive is reducing:
Is the sexual act becoming less frequent? (Well, this is not the only parameter.)
Does it so happen that your partner has to put attempt to arouse you?
Is it so that your partner says: “you do not seem to enjoy sex as much now a day.”?
No more condoms at home, and avoiding buying!
Feeling lazy to “start”
Sex has become more mechanical and less dynamic?
Ask your partner, if he/she has observed change in your sex desire pattern
Clinical investigations by a good doctor will help. Common laboratory investigations include hormonal test for Thyroid disorders, test for diabetes. Special investigations may be required in case of significant loss of erection in men and indications of neurological symptoms in women.
Treatment for Loss of Libido:
Treatment depends on the cause behind low sex drive.
If there is a treatable disease in the background, get treated. E.g. Hypothyroid, diabetes, etc
Improve interpersonal relationship with your partner
Reduce weight if you are obese
Reduce stress
Change over to gentle medicines such as homeopathy, for depression, anxiety disorders, if that is the underlying cause
Bring romance, love and affection in your love life. Re-kindle the “spark.”
Take homeopathic medicines, if indicated
Homeopathic Treatment for Low Sex Drive:
Homeopathy helps to treat the underlying disease which may be responsible for low sex drive, as suggested above. There are number of cases in which low sex drive may be present without any other disease in the back ground. Homeopathy offers promising results in improving low sex drive. It helps in following ways:
Treating the underlying disease
Treatment of Erectile dysfunction
Reducing stress and improving your stress coping system
Replacing your antidepressant and anti-anxiety medicines, whenever possible
Enhancing your moods and stimulating your sex drive
Homeopathy is strongly recommended in the cases of Low sex drive or Loss of Libido.

Lumbar Spondylitis

What is Lumbar Spondylitis?
Lumbar Spondylitis or spondylitis is a condition where there is an inflammation of lumbar (lower vertebral) spine, popularly called as Back ache. The inflammation can be mild, moderate or severe leading to a range of severity of symptoms. There is not only inflammation of the vertebra but also some amount of fusing, which gives painful stiffness.

The symptoms of varying degree of pain associate with stiffness. There may be restricted mobility of the back, disturbing day to day life activities. There may also be deformity of the spine over the period of time.
Related conditions:
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a similar condition which is more severe and considered to be an auto-immune disease, related with HLA-B-27 gene. The stiffness associated with muscle spasm leads to stiff-spine, often compared with a bamboo spine.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Similar condition but affects more of the multiple and often large joints such as knee, shoulder, fingers and back. Positive Rh factor is a diagnosing modality.
Homeopathic Treatment for Lumbar Spondylitis:
Yes, homeopathy does offer significant treatment for this condition. The treatment is targeted at relieving the inflammation and stiffness, making the life comfortable. Also, the underlying process leading to such chronic inflammation is addressed using the homeopathic medicines. However, homeopathy cannot revert the deformity.